- Knowledge transmission to active learning
- Subject-centred to elective and cross-disciplinary
- Complicated, obscure and antiquated content to integrated and social-scientific-related
- Passive and competitive to inquiry-based and collaborative learning methods.
One of characteristic aspects of the new curriculum in China is the emphasis on, and space for, school-based curriculum development (SBCD). Bingyan describes the project in the Gansu province and at the Northwest Normal University in Lanhzou in collaboration with SLO, ICLON at University Leiden and NCCT, the National Centre for School Curriculum and Textbook Development at the Ministry of Education in China.
The project assists with the implementation of SBCD at schools nearby, both rural and urban. Teachers at the schools relate their experiences. In the analysis it seems evident that SBCD is a multi-faceted concept, and that it provides opportunities for both teachers and learners. This is seen as an interesting aspect towards sustainable curriculum development.